How is Retinoblastoma Treated?
Treatments depend on size and location of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread, and your child’s state of health. Treatments should work to prevent loss of vision if possible.
Chemotherapy (taken either through pills or through blood vessels) can be used to kill cancer cells and to shrink tumors so that other treatments, such as radiation therapy, may work better on the remaining cancer cells. Other methods such as laser therapy, cryotherapy, or thermotherapy may be used to kill cancer cells.
When the tumor has grown too large to be treated by the above methods, it may have to be surgically removed. Removing the tumor may help prevent the spread of the cancer to other parts of the body. Surgery may include removing the affected eye and fitting a prosthetic eye. Removing an eye will affect vision, but children normally adapt to the loss of the eye.