Are there any known risk factors?
A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of developing a disease such as cancer. Different diseases have different risk factors.
Lifestyle-related factors such as body weight, physical health, diet, and tobacco usage are well-known to contribute heavily to adult cancers. However, these factors usually take many years to influence cancer risks and are not thought to play as significant of a role in pediatric cancer.
There are very few known risk factors for brain and spinal cord tumors. Currently, the only established risk factor is radiation exposure, which usually is a part of treatment for other diseases and conditions. The chance of developing a brain tumor in life after radiation treatment is very slim, but it is still something to note when preparing treatment.
Certain inherited conditions and abnormal genetic conditions have also been linked to brain and spinal cord tumors.